Survey Reveals Southeast Asian Perspectives on Climate Change

In a recent survey published by the Climate Change in Southeast Asia Programme at ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute, 2,225 respondents from ten ASEAN member states shared their views on climate change. The findings shed light on prevailing attitudes towards climate action in the region.


In a recent survey published by the Climate Change in Southeast Asia Programme at ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute, 2,225 respondents from ten ASEAN member states shared their views on climate change. The findings shed light on prevailing attitudes towards climate action in the region. Here are the key takeaways:

1. Governments’ Efforts in Addressing Climate Change

A significant majority of respondents believe that their national governments are aware of climate threats but lack sufficient resources to combat them (35.7%). Around a quarter feel that their government isn’t prioritizing climate change adequately. However, a notable group (24.8%) believes their government recognizes the urgency and has allocated ample resources.

2. Stakeholders’ Role in Climate Action

National governments are seen as bearing the greatest responsibility for climate action and financing, followed by businesses and industries. However, there’s a perception that businesses are lagging behind in taking meaningful climate steps. Civil society is viewed as the most active stakeholder, highlighting a need for increased private sector involvement.

3. Climate Change Urgency

The proportion of respondents expressing the highest level of urgency regarding climate change has declined from 68.6% in 2021 to 49.4% in 2023. Meanwhile, 41.9% believe monitoring climate change is crucial. This lowered sense of urgency is particularly interesting as it raises questions about what other immediate concerns people have.

4. Accelerating Clean Energy Transition

Respondents regard the development of regional energy infrastructure (72.2%) as the top priority for ASEAN to expedite the transition to clean energy. This is followed by the adoption of a regional renewable energy agreement (51.9%) and the establishment of a common ASEAN clean energy fund (46.0%).

5. Fossil Fuel Subsidies

Approximately half of the respondents (51.1%) believe that fossil fuel subsidies should be reduced in their respective countries, while 31.8% are uncertain, and 17.1% disagree.

6. Concerns About Climate Impacts on Food Security

Floods, droughts, and heat waves were identified as the most pressing climate impacts on agriculture in Southeast Asia. Respondents expressed a desire for increased focus on climate-adaptive farming methods, investment in agriculture and food technology, and boosted domestic production to enhance food resilience.

7. Leadership in Climate Innovation and Assistance

Japan is viewed as the most influential international partner in leading global climate innovation (23.7%) and sharing climate expertise, practical ability, and technical know-how (25.8%). The European Union and China followed closely in second and third place for both roles.

8. Top Transition Concerns

Rising energy prices and the cost of living (54.2%) emerged as the most significant concerns related to the energy transition, followed by energy shortages (21.7%). Singapore, in paritcular, expressed the highest worry about rising energy prices.

To sum up, the survey offers valuable insights into the climate attitudes of people in Southeast Asia and highlights areas where collective action can drive progress in combating climate change in the region. Click here to read the full report.

Singapore to Increase Water Prices in 2024

Singapore will implement a phased revision of water prices, starting on 1 April 2024.


Singapore, 27 September 2023 — In response to escalating production and supply costs, Singapore will implement a phased revision of water prices, commencing on 1 April 2024 and followed by another adjustment on 1 April 2025.

Currently priced at $2.74 per cubic metre, the potable water rate will incrementally rise by 50 cents per cubic metre over two phases. The initial increase of 20 cents per cubic metre will be effective from 1 April 2024, followed by a subsequent rise of 30 cents per cubic metre from 1 April 2025.

In light of the full price revision set for April 2025, approximately 75% of households can expect a monthly increase of less than $10, before government support. Similarly, 75% of businesses, including small and medium enterprises, will see an increase of less than $25 in their monthly water bills.

Reasons for the Price Increase

Water, a critical resource for Singapore’s sustainability, has been a focal point of long-term planning and investment in critical infrastructure. This commitment has culminated in the establishment of the Four National Taps, ensuring a secure and dependable water supply to meet the nation’s growing demands.

Despite active cost mitigation measures, PUB and associated contractors have faced substantial cost increases since the last revision in 2017. Contributing factors include a 37% surge in average electricity market tariffs, increased expenses for essential chemicals and maintenance, and a 35% rise in construction costs.

Anticipating nearly double the water demand by 2065, Singapore acknowledges the pressing need for sustained investments in water infrastructure. The threat of climate change further underscores the necessity of weather-resilient water sources, such as NEWater and desalinated water, albeit at a higher energy and production cost.


Supports for a Smooth Transition

To cushion the impact of the water price hike, especially for lower- and middle-income households, the government will provide additional financial support, with details to be disclosed by the Ministry of Finance shortly. PUB will collaborate with the Ministry of Trade and Industry and relevant authorities to discourage profiteering.

Furthermore, the Climate Friendly Households (CFH) Programme will extend e-vouchers to all 1-, 2-, and 3-room households for water-efficient shower fittings. This program will be expanded in the coming year to encompass additional water fittings, yielding savings of approximately $50 to $150 per household annually.

Businesses, too, can tap into PUB’s augmented Water Efficiency Fund to implement water recycling and efficiency projects, thereby reducing their water demand and achieving sustainable cost savings.

As Singapore navigates these revisions, a comprehensive approach combining conservation efforts and financial support aims to ensure the continued availability and accessibility of this vital resource for all its citizens.

Reducing Organic Waste at School

Starting January 1, 2024, all schools with an on-site food facility will be required to collect organic waste. But how will this change affect you and your students? How can you help your students understand the importance of reducing and recycling organic waste?

Crossword on Sustainable Food Consumption

Our food choices affect the size of our carbon footprint. To reduce our carbon footprint, we can eat less meat and animal-based foods and more protein-rich plant-based alternatives. Do this crossword on food consumption and the environment with your students.

Watersheds and Water Ecology

Watersheds sustain natural ecosystems and are important for the health and safety of our communities. This week we feature environmental education programs and resources on the impact of human activity on watersheds and ways to protect them.

The Story of Nimbus Fish Hatchery

This lesson series is about how the combination of human activity and climate change have affected the life cycle of salmon and what Nimbus Fish Hatchery is doing to mitigate these problems.

Lesson Overview

This lesson series is about how the combination of human activity and climate change have affected the life cycle of salmon and what Nimbus Fish Hatchery is doing to mitigate these problems.


  • Grade 3
  • Grade 4
  • Grade 5

Environmental Topics

Coastal & Marine Education, Watershed Education, Environmental Justice, Environmental Sustainability, Land Ecosystems, Pollution Prevention, Climate Change

Environmental Literacy Core Principles

For a summary of the environmental literacy principles and concepts embedded in this lesson series, please visit Green Guardians Environmental Literacy Core Principles.


ELA: RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RL.3.3, RL.3.4, W.3.7, W.3.8, SL.3.1, SL.3.2, SL.3.3, SL.3.4, SL.3.6, RL.4.1, RL.4.4, RL.4.7, W.4.7, W.4.8, W.4.9, SL.4.1, SL.4.2, SL.4.3, SL.4.4, RL.5.1, RL.5.3, RL.5.4, W.5.7, W.5.8, W.5.9, SL.5.1, SL.5.2, SL.5.3, SL.5.4
History-Social Science: HSS-3.3.2, HSS-4.1, HSS-4.2.1, HSS-4.3.3, HSS-4.4.4, HSS-4.4.7, HSS-5.8.1, HSS-5.8.2
Science: 3-LS1, 3-LS2, 3-LS3, 3-LS4, 4-LS4, 4-LS1, 4-ESS2, 4-ESS3, 5-LS1, 5-LS2, 5-ESS2, 5-ESS3


Teacher Guide

This project may easily be extended into optional family discussions and activities around biodiversity, water use, fish hatcheries, and the effects of human development on the environment. To facilitate this engagement, a family guide has been created which teachers may choose to forward to interested parents and guardians.

Family Guide


Three lessons of 40-60 minutes each.

Lesson 1: A Visit to Nimbus Dam

On a camping trip, Dean and Bruno went to Nimbus Dam and learned about the history behind the Folsom and Nimbus dams­—namely, rapid population growth, environmental degradation during the Gold Rush, and the need for flood control in the Sacramento area. While the dams solved one set of problems, they created another—threats to ecosystems, especially wildlife.

Lesson 2: The Story of Chinook Salmon

To learn more about Chinook salmon, Dean and Bruno went to Nimbus Fish Hatchery and was greeted by Mr. Jason. He tells them the extraordinary journey salmon take to complete their lifecycle and how the dams cut off their journey back home. As a keystone species, salmon also play a crucial role in their ecosystems.

Lesson Materials

Lesson 3: Nimbus Fish Hatchery

In the third lesson, Mr. Jason shows Dean and Bruno the fish ladder at Nimbus Fish Hatchery. The hatchery enables 10-20% of the entire salmon population to spawn if they have gotten this far without being able to nest in the river. Jason explains how the combination of dams and climate change affect salmon’s survival, making the boys wonder how they can help improve salmon’s natural habitat.

Lesson Materials

Lesson 4: A Fishing Trip 

In the last lesson, Dean, Bruno, and their friends go on a fishing trip on Folsom Lake. While the experience is fun and informative, the little anglers get a glimpse at water pollution when Poppy keeps “catching” trash in the lake.

Lesson Materials